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Poland (52.01899 19.19559)
The royal election of 1764 resulted in the elevation of Stanisław II August (a Polish aristocrat connected to the Czartoryski family faction of magnates) to the monarchy. However, as a one-time personal admirer of Empress Catherine II of Russia, the new king spent much of his reign torn between his desire to implement reforms necessary to save his nation, and his perceived necessity to remain in a political relationship with his Russian sponsor. This led to the formation of the 1768 Bar Confederation, a szlachta rebellion directed against the Polish king and his Russian sponsors, which aimed to preserve Poland's independence and the szlachta's traditional privileges. Attempts at reform provoked the union's neighbours, and in 1772 the First Partition of the Commonwealth by Prussia, Russia and Austria took place; an act which the "Partition Sejm", under considerable duress, eventually "ratified" fait accompli. Disregarding this loss, in 1773 the king established the Commission of National Education, the first government education authority in Europe. Corporal punishment of children was officially prohibited in 1783.
Tarnowskie Góry, Tarnowskie Góry County, Górnośląsko-Zagłębiowska Metropolia, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland (50.44452 18.85548)
Coordinates: 50.40014 18.76987 50.53101 18.91425 - Minimum elevation: 228 m - Maximum elevation: 357 m - Average elevation: 280 m
Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, gmina Bodzechów, Ostrowiec County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, 27-400, Poland (50.95021 21.41151)
Coordinates: 50.90645 21.33664 50.99398 21.47622 - Minimum elevation: 165 m - Maximum elevation: 290 m - Average elevation: 201 m
Morskie Oko, Droga Oswalda Balzera, Brzegi, gmina Bukowina Tatrzańska, powiat tatrzański, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (49.19738 20.07072)
Coordinates: 49.19361 20.06532 49.20110 20.07411 - Minimum elevation: 1,101 m - Maximum elevation: 2,535 m - Average elevation: 1,765 m