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Mount St. Helens

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Mount St. Helens, Skamania County, Washington, United States (46.19139 -122.19553)

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Name: Mount St. Helens topographic map, elevation, relief.
Coordinates: 46.19134 -122.19558 46.19144 -122.19548
Minimum elevation: 1,020 m
Maximum elevation: 2,513 m
Average elevation: 1,638 m

Mount St. Helens

Mount St. Helens is known for its major eruption on May 18, 1980, the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in U.S. history. Fifty-seven people were killed; 200 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles (24 km) of railways, and 185 miles (298 km) of highway were destroyed. A massive debris avalanche, triggered by an earthquake of magnitude 5.1, caused a lateral eruption that reduced the elevation of the mountain's summit from 9,677 ft (2,950 m) to 8,363 ft (2,549 m), leaving a 1 mile (1.6 km) wide horseshoe-shaped crater. The debris avalanche was 0.6 cubic miles (2.5 km3) in volume.

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